Articles - Focus on Franchising

About Articles The following articles are published by the Franchise Law Section of the Ontario Bar Association. Members are encouraged to submit articles. About Articles

Editor: Philip Kennedy


Are Franchisors Joint Employers with Their Franchisees?

  • September 26, 2014
  • Debi M. Sutin

Franchising owes much of its success to the nature of the relationship between franchisor and franchisee. The essence of that relationship is that the franchisor and the franchisee are independent contractors, with separate and distinct obligations, premised on the franchisee having the opportunity to operate, and profit from, its own independent business.

Franchise Law

"Of Course We Make an Earnings Claim in our Disclosure Document, Don't You?"

  • September 25, 2014
  • Arthur J. Trebilcock

An “earnings claim” is any information given by or on behalf of a franchisor to a prospective franchisee from which a specific level or range of actual or potential sales, costs, income or profit of franchisor-owned or franchised outlets may be readily ascertained. Every North American jurisdiction that regulates franchise sales also regulates the use of earnings claims, although some of them use different terms for "earnings claims".

Franchise Law

Legal Risk Management in Franchise System Change

  • January 14, 2014
  • Adam Ship, Thomas N.T. Sutton and Katie Szilagyi

In business, evolution and adaptability are absolute prerequisites to success. Shifting consumer preferences, aggressive competitors, and new technologies require that businesses improve and adapt their products and services, as well as their supply chains and internal operations...

Franchise Law

The Case for Electronic Disclosure (in Ontario)

  • July 08, 2013
  • Richard Leblanc

One unanimous criticism of Ontario’s Arthur Wishart Act (Franchise Disclosure), 2000 relates to the obsolete methods prescribed for delivery of a disclosure document to a prospective franchisee.

Springdale Pizza: More than 2 for 1…

  • July 08, 2013
  • Geoffrey B. Shaw, Jonathan Wansbrough

Should franchisees be able to get something for nothing? One would think not but in the recent decision in 2189205 Ontario Inc. et al. v. Springdale Pizza Depot Ltd. et al., 2013 ONSC 1232, 2013 CarswellOnt 2630 (Springdale Pizza)...